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structure born noise behavior electric car drive unit

Structure born noise

Structure born noise behavior of an electric car drive unit

For a comprehensive understanding of the structure born noise behavior of an electric car drive unit an FEA model of the gear motor was created as shown in the figure. This model includes the three-part housing, the stator, the rotor, the integrated spur gear and the differential gear.

The unknown material and coupling parameters within the rotor and the stator as well as those between the stator and the housing and of the housing parts among themselves were determined by a step-by-step comparison between the results from experimental and numerical modal analyses. Single components, subassemblies and the complete drive unit were investigated for obtaining a reliably correlated FEA model. The shrinkage between the stator and the housing turned out to be of special importance.

The validated FEA model of the drive unit was used for sensitivity analyses with respect to various excitation mechanisms. Besides unbalance forces, various electromagnetic force patterns and the parametric excitation at the gear mesh frequency were investigated. For this, the resulting surface velocities at the housing components were analyzed.

These results were used for developing optimization measures in order to minimize the structure borne noise and the emitted airborne noise as a consequence.

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